Choosing the Right Wick Size Candle Making Guide

candle wick size chart

The melt pool has extended to the edge of the container and is about 1/2 inch (13 mm) deep. The wick is burning cleanly with minimal to no carbon build-up. As we explained above, the right hand gripping rule can only help us find a range of suitable candle wick sizes. We need to test which specific wick size works best with our candles, combining the factors including fragrances, colors, and candle burn time. In our opinion, candles are the just RIGHT relationship between the air, wax, fragrance, and wick.

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And if you are unsure how much candle wax you’ll need, check out our easy candle wax calculator. Like many things, I learned the importance of using the right candle wicks through trial and error. Every time I came across a candle making problem, I retraced my steps and analyzed every decision in the process. I’ve been a candle maker for years and love discussing every step of creating candles.

The Right Wick or the Best Wick?

That may let you and your pets feel sick, such as cough, sneezing, dizziness, or wheezing. You do this so that you will know how the candle will perform for your customers.

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Let the three candles cure for a minimum of 7 days for soy wax. Wax hardens as it cures so if you test the candles immediately after pouring them vs waiting 7 days you will get different results. To get results more similar to what a customer experiences you need to wait the full 7 days.

Wick Corrections Guide

When you light the candles make sure that they are spaced out on a safe burning surface at least 6 inches away from each other. If it wont stay lit because it is clogged that could be from using something to dye your candle with pigments in it or accumulated dust and debris on the surface wax. Pigments are coloring that uses small particles like mica or using crayons to color your candles. Here are some common symptoms related to candle wicks and how to fix them. The Right Size Wick
Use the following test to determine the proper wick size and scale up or down as needed. The design and nomenclature of this wicking is, I believe somewhat unique to the U.S.

  • The wick’s thickness, braiding tension, construction material, and burning profile all need to be in sync with the waxes own specific melting and burning properties as well.
  • A CD 6 wick worked great the day after the candles were poured.
  • Wooden wicks are for use in containers, and should not be used in pillars or votives.
  • It’s easy to tell because the flame is too tall and flickers continually.

Using the proper wick size drastically improves the candle’s overall combustion and has numerous benefits for both manufacturers and the end consumer. If this has left you feeling overwhelmed, don’t fret – let me make it easier for you by clearly pointing out which candle wicks are best for which candle types. If you haven’t chosen your candle wax type yet, use our swipe file in the Simple Living Library to help you pick one.

Troubleshooting: Candle Wick Size Test Problems

They have been widely used since the use of lead core wicks was discontinued long ago. Each wick has been cut to the specified length, primed with a standard wax (180°F) and has been crimped with a 20mm diameter x 10mm tall tab. The candle on the left is under wicked meaning the wick size is too small for the candle.

candle wick size chart

A primed candle wick will light more easily, burn more evenly, and it will burn more reliably. Priming your candle wicks is just an extra step you can take to ensure you are making a quality product. Create a mixture of enough material to make three identical candles, the only difference in these candles will be the size of the wicks in them. These three different wick sizes will allow you to test a variety of wicks allowing you to see the impact of your wax, fragrance oil and dye combination. This chart will tell you which wicks you need for paraffin wax container candles based on the wax type and the diameter of the container that you are using. Let’s take a closer look at candle wicks and how to choose the right candle wick size so that your candles work as intended every time.

The Diameter of the Candle

However, if you purchased your wick from a reputable supplier and not eBay or Alibaba then you should be good. The oxygen seems like it would be the easy part- either the flame gets oxygen or it doesn’t. But the type of the candle and the environment that the candle is burned in play a role in how much oxygen the flame receives. I have found that the more open to air the flame is, the better the candle burned. Burn time is directly affected by the type, size, and number of wicks in the candle. In general, when the candles combustion properties for safety and quality are optimized, so is the burn time.

candle wick size chart

Briefly, you need to add another wick if your jar or tin is larger than 3 inches in diameter. For example, if the jar is 4 inches, you need 2 wicks. To find the right wick size for double-wicked candles, you need to divide the container into two parts evenly. This chart is organized with several types of wax listed across the top. On the left side, you will see various container sizes.

Candle Wick Size Guide

Let’s take a look at the characteristics of a right-wicked candle. Candles are quite the popular way to add ambiance and fragrance to a room. The key ingredient in any candle is wax, and there are many different types of wax that can be used to make them. Light all three candles and record when they were lit, or begin timing them so that you can trace their burn over time. Trim all three wicks to 1/4 of an inch so that each candle starts out at exactly the same point. If your candle is not burning evenly then it is due to the wick not being on center or the wick is not going straight up from the bottom.

Wooden wicks are relatively new to the candle making industry. Generally, there are two types of wooden wicks – hard wood wicks and soft wood wicks. You may have seen hard wood wicks available but they don’t even compare to the superiority of the soft wood wicks. Our soft wood wicks offer the unique sounds of a wood burning fire as they crackle and pop while they burn. Paper core wicks burn very hot, which yields a large melt pool. Each wick has been cut to the specified length, primed with a standard wax (180°F) and has been crimped with a 20mm diameter x 10mm tall tab.

These are designed for the best burn in solid-colored candles as well as votives. Because this wick can work in all sorts of wax, it’s the first choice for many candle-creators. The Flaming Candle Company wick chart is designed to assist in choosing the right wick in the candle making process. The recommendations below are only meant to serve as a guide in getting started. The measuring method between different wick types may vary.

Outside of the length of the candle wick, it’s the thickness that counts. Simply put, the wider the diameter of your candle, the thicker the wick you’ll need. With wooden wicks, we highly recommend buying one size up and down from the size you need. When you have different sizes, you can test to see which wooden wick works best in the candle you’re making.

  • You need to try to use a smaller size wick in your test candle or you need to make sure the wick is trimmed to around 1/4 or 5/16 of an inch.
  • It’s not a perfect system since we don’t have wicks that burn in a square pattern (yet).
  • The information in this table reflects candles made without fragrance.
  • The best candle makers choose a wick, burn test, then react (described later on) to make sure the wick is safe and performs well in the candle.

You can simply look at the chart below, or it you prefer, you can download the chart and print it off to use at home. It is critical to keep an eye on the candles while they are burning, especially when testing new wicks. The market offers so many different wick types to compliment the variety of waxes, containers, and fragrances. It’s really not a candle without one, but where do you start?

For example, gel candles usually use zinc wicks due to the high melting point and high density of gel wax. Now we know what the right candle wick should be, and what factors will affect the choice of the right wick sizes. We will go on to show you how to choose the right wick size step-by-step. So, we think we should choose the right wick sizes, instead of the best candle wicks. A properly wicked candle has just enough heat to melt the wax down about 1/4 to 1/2 inch.

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